3. CONGENITAL MYOPATHIES (Return to Disease group)
Disease phenotype
Item in this table
References
Gene symbol (chromosome)
protein
Nemaline myopathy (NEM1) - (AD)
3.1
Laing NG, Majda BT, Akkari PA, Layton MG, Mulley JC, Phillips H, Haan EA, White SJ, Beggs AH, Kunkel LM, et al. Assignment of a gene (NEMI) for autosomal dominant nemaline myopathy to chromosome I. Am J Hum Genet. 1992 Mar;50(3):576-83. (1347195)
Laing NG, Wilton SD, Akkari PA, Dorosz S, Boundy K, Kneebone C, Blumbergs P, White S, Watkins H, Love DR, et al. A mutation in the alpha tropomyosin gene TPM3 associated with autosomal dominant nemaline myopathy NEM1. Nat Genet. 1995 Jun;10(2):249. (7663526)
TPM3 (1q21.2)
Tropomyosin 3
Nemaline myopathy (NEM2) - (AR)
3.2
Wallgren-Pettersson C, Avela K, Marchand S, Kolehmainen J, Tahvanainen E, Hansen FJ, Muntoni F, Dubowitz V, De Visser M, Van Langen IM, et al. A gene for autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy assigned to chromosome 2q by linkage analysis. Neuromuscul Disord. 1995 Nov;5(6):441-3. (10051637)
Pelin K, Hilpela P, Donner K, Sewry C, Akkari PA, Wilton SD, Wattanasirichaigoon D, Bang ML, Centner T, Hanefeld F, Odent S, Fardeau M, Urtizberea JA, Muntoni F, Dubowitz V, Beggs AH, Laing NG, Labeit S, de la Chapelle A, Wallgren-Pettersson C. Mutations in the nebulin gene associated with autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 2;96(5):2305-10. (12207937)
Wallgren-Pettersson, C.; Donner, K.; Sewry, C.; Bijlsma, E.; Lammens, M.; Bushby, K.; Giovannucci Uzielli, M. L.; Lapi, E.; Odent, S.; Akcoren, Z.; Topaloglu, H.; Pelin, K. : Mutations in the nebulin gene can cause severe congenital nemaline myopathy. Neuromusc. Disord. 12: 674-679, 2002. (16917880)
Lehtokari, V.-L.; Pelin, K.; Sandbacka, M.; Ranta, S.; Donner, K.; Muntoni, F.; Sewry, C.; Angelini, C.; Bushby, K.; Van den Bergh, P.; Iannaccone, S.; Laing, N. G.; Wallgren-Pettersson, C. : Identification of 45 novel mutations in the nebulin gene associated with autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy. Hum. Mutat. 27: 946-956, 2006. (8580725)
NEB (2q22)
Nebulin
Nemaline myopathy (NEM3) - (AD)
3.3
Nowak KJ, Wattanasirichaigoon D, Goebel HH, et al. Mutations in the skeletal muscle alpha-actin gene in patients with actin myopathy and nemaline myopathy. Nat Genet 1999;23:208-212. (10508519)
ACTA1 (1q42.1)
Alpha actin, skeletal muscle
Nemaline myopathy (NEM4) - (AD)
3.4
Donner K, Ollikainen M, Ridanpaa M, Christen HJ, Goebel HH, de Visser M, Pelin K, Wallgren-Pettersson C. Mutations in the beta-tropomyosin (TPM2) gene--a rare cause of nemaline myopathy. Neuromuscul Disord. 2002 Feb;12(2):151-8. (11738357)
TPM2 (9p13)
Tropomyosin 2 (beta)
Nemaline myopathy (NEM5) - (AR)
3.5
Johnston, J. J.; Kelley, R. I.; Crawford, T. O.; Morton, D. H.; Agarwala, R.; Koch, T.; Schaffer, A. A.; Francomano, C. A.; Biesecker, L. G. : A novel nemaline myopathy in the Amish caused by a mutation in troponin T1. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67: 814-821, 2000. (10952871)
TNNT1 (19q13.4)
Slow troponin T
Nemaline myopathy (NEM6) - (AD)
3.6
Gommans, I. M. P.; Davis, M.; Saar, K.; Lammens, M.; Mastaglia, F.; Lamont, P.; van Duijnhoven, G.; ter Laak, H. J.; Reis, A.; Vogels, O. J. M.; Laing, N.; van Engelen, B. G. M.; Kremer, H. : A locus on chromosome 15q for a dominantly inherited nemaline myopathy with core-like lesions. Brain 126: 1545-1551, 2003 (12805120)
Sambuughin, N., Yau, K. S., Olive, M., Duff, R. M., Bayarsaikhan, M., Lu, S., Gonzalez-Mera, L., Sivadorai, P., Nowak, K. J., Ravenscroft, G., Mastaglia, F. L., North, K. N., and 9 others. Dominant mutations in KBTBD13, a member of the BTB/Kelch family, cause nemaline myopathy with cores. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 87: 842-847, 2010. (21109227)
KBTBD13 (15q22.31)
Kelch repeat and BTB (POZ) domain containing 13
Nemaline myopathy (NEM7) - (AR)
3.7
Agrawal PB, Greenleaf RS, Tomczak KK, Lehtokari VL, Wallgren-Pettersson C, Wallefeld W, Laing NG, Darras BT, Maciver SK, Dormitzer PR, Beggs AH. Nemaline Myopathy with Minicores Caused by Mutation of the CFL2 Gene Encoding the Skeletal Muscle Actin-Binding Protein, Cofilin-2. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Jan;80(1):162-7. (17160903)
CFL2 (14q12)
Cofilin 2 (muscle)
Nemaline myopathy (NEM8) - (AR)
3.8
Ravenscroft, G., Miyatake, S., Lehtokari, V.-L., Todd, E. J., Vornanen, P., Yau, K. S., Hayashi, Y. K., Miyake, N., Tsurusaki, Y., Doi, H., Saitsu, H., Osaka, H., and 43 others. Mutations in KLHL40 are a frequent cause of severe autosomal-recessive nemaline myopathy. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 93: 6-18, 2013. (23746549)
KLHL40 (2p22.1)
Kelch-like family member 40
Nemaline myopathy (NEM9) - (AR)
3.9
Gupta, V. A., Ravenscroft, G., Shaheen, R., Todd, E. J., Swanson, L. C., Shiina, M., Ogata, K., Hsu, C., Clarke, N. F., Darras, B. T., Farrar, M. A., Hashem, A., and 18 others. Identification of KLHL41 mutations implicates BTB-kelch-mediated ubiquitination as an alternate pathway to myofibrillar disruption in nemaline myopathy. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 93: 1108-1117, 2013. (24268659)
KLHL41 (2q31.1)
Kelch-like family member 41
Nemaline myopathy (NEM10) - (AR)
3.10
Yuen, M., Sandaradura, S. A., Dowling, J. J., Kostyukova, A. S., Moroz, N., Quinlan, K. G., Lehtokari, V.-L., Ravenscroft, G., Todd, E. J., Ceyhan-Birsoy, O., Gokhin, D. S., Maluenda, J., and 45 others. Leiomodin-3 dysfunction results in thin filament disorganization and nemaline myopathy. J. Clin. Invest. 124: 4693-4708, 2014. (25250574)
LMOD3 (3p14.1)
Leiomodin 3 (fetal)
Myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion - (AD)
3.11
Nowak KJ, Wattanasirichaigoon D, Goebel HH, et al. Mutations in the skeletal muscle alpha-actin gene in patients with actin myopathy and nemaline myopathy. Nat Genet 1999;23:208-212. (10508519)
Clarke, N. F.; North, K. N. : Congenital fiber type disproportion--30 years on. J. Neuropath. Exp. Neurol. 62: 977-989, 2003. (14575234)
Laing, N. G.; Clarke, N. F.; Dye, D. E.; Liyanage, K.; Walker, K. R.; Kobayashi, Y.; Shimakawa, S.; Hagiwara, T.; Ouvrier, R.; Sparrow, J. C.; Nishino, I.; North, K. N.; Nonaka, I. : Actin mutations are one cause of congenital fibre type disproportion. Ann. Neurol. 56: 689-694, 2004. (15468086)
ACTA1 (1q42.1)
Alpha actin, skeletal muscle
Myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion - (AR)
3.12
Clarke NF, Kidson W, Quijano-Roy S, Estournet B, Ferreiro A, Guicheney P, Manson JI, Kornberg AJ, Shield LK, North KN. SEPN1: associated with congenital fiber-type disproportion and insulin resistance. Ann Neurol. 2006 Mar;59(3):546-52. (16365872)
SEPN1 (1p36.13)
Selenoprotein N1
Myopathy congenital, with fiber-type disproportion - (AR)
3.13
Clarke, N. F.; North, K. N. : Congenital fiber type disproportion--30 years on. J. Neuropath. Exp. Neurol. 62: 977-989, 2003. (14575234)
TPM3 (1q21.2)
Tropomyosin 3
Myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion - (AR)
3.14
Clarke, N. F.; Kolski, H.; Dye, D. E.; Lim, E.; Smith, R. L. L.; Patel, R.; Fahey, M. C.; Bellance, R.; Romero, N. B.; Johnson, E. S.; Labarre-Vila, A.; Monnier, N.; Laing, N. G.; North, K. N. Mutations in TPM3 are a common cause of congenital fiber type disproportion. Ann. Neurol. 63: 329-337, 2008. (18300303)
RYR1 (19q13.1)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (skeletal)
Myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion - (AD)
3.15
Ortolano S, Tarrío R, Blanco-Arias P, Teijeira S, Rodríguez-Trelles F, García-Murias M, Delague V, Lévy N, Fernández JM, Quintáns B, Millán BS, Carracedo A, Navarro C, Sobrido MJ. A novel MYH7 mutation links congenital fiber type disproportion and myosin storage myopathy. Neuromuscul Disord. 2011 Apr;21(4):254-62. Epub 2011 Feb 1. (21288719)
MYH7 (14q12)
Myosin, heavy polypeptide 7, cardiac muscle, beta
Myotubular myopathy - (XR)
3.16
Thomas, N. S. T.; Williams, H.; Cole, G.; Roberts, K.; Clarke, A.; Liechti-Gallati, S.; Braga, S.; Gerber, A.; Meier, C.; Moser, H.; Harper, P. S. : X linked neonatal centronuclear/myotubular myopathy: evidence for linkage to Xq28 DNA marker loci. J. Med. Genet. 27: 284-287, 1990. (8640223)
Laporte J, Hu LJ, Kretz C, Mandel JL, Kioschis P, Coy JF, Klauck SM, Poustka A, Dahl N. A gene mutated in X-linked myotubular myopathy defines a new putative tyrosine phosphatase family conserved in yeast. Nat Genet. 1996 Jun;13(2):175-82. (10790201)
Laporte J, Guiraud-Chaumeil C, Vincent MC, Mandel JL, Tanner SM, Liechti-Gallati S, Wallgren-Pettersson C, Dahl N, Kress W, Bolhuis PA, Fardeau M, Samson F, Bertini E. Mutations in the MTM1 gene implicated in X-linked myotubular myopathy. ENMC International Consortium on Myotubular Myopathy. European Neuro-Muscular Center. Hum Mol Genet. 1997 Sep;6(9):1505-11. (2352256 )
Laporte, J.; Biancalana, V.; Tanner, S. M.; Kress, W.; Schneider, V.; Wallgren-Pettersson, C.; Herger, F.; Buj-Bello, A.; Blondeau, F.; Liechti-Gallati, S.; Mandel, J.-L. : MTM1 mutations in X-linked myotubular myopathy. Hum. Mutat. 15: 393-409, 2000. (9305655)
MTM1 (Xq28)
Myotubularin
Centronuclear myopathy, dominant - (AD)
3.17
Robinson, R. L.; Brooks, C.; Brown, S. L.; Ellis, F. R.; Halsall, P. J.; Quinnell, R. J.; Shaw, M.-A.; Hopkins, P. M. : RYR1 mutations causing central core disease are associated with more severe malignant hyperthermia in vitro contracture test phenotypes. Hum. Mutat. 20: 88-97, 2002. (16227997)
Bitoun M, Maugenre S, Jeannet PY, Lacene E, Ferrer X, Laforet P, Martin JJ, Laporte J, Lochmuller H, Beggs AH, Fardeau M, Eymard B, Romero NB, Guicheney P. Mutations in dynamin 2 cause dominant centronuclear myopathy. Nat Genet. 2005 Nov;37(11):1207-9. Epub 2005 Oct 16. (12124989)
DNM2 (19p13.2)
Dynamin 2
Centronuclear myopathy, related to BIN1, recessive - (AR)
3.18
Nicot A S, Toussaint A, Tosch V, Kretz C, Wallgren-Pettersson C, Iwarsson E, Kingston H, Garnier J M, Biancalana V, Oldfors A, Mandel J L, Laporte J. Mutations in amphiphysin 2 (BIN1) disrupt interaction with dynamin 2 and cause autosomal recessive centronuclear myopathy. Nat Genet 2007; 39: 1134-1139. (17676042)
BIN1 (2q14)
Amphiphysin
Centronuclear myopathy, related to BIN1, dominant - (AD)
3.19
Böhm J, Biancalana V, Malfatti E, Dondaine N, Koch C, Vasli N, Kress W, Strittmatter M, Taratuto AL, Gonorazky H, Laforêt P, Maisonobe T, Olivé M, Gonzalez-Mera L, Fardeau M, Carrière N, Clavelou P, Eymard B, Bitoun M, Rendu J, Fauré J, Weis J, Mandel JL, Romero NB, Laporte J. Adult-onset autosomal dominant centronuclear myopathy due to BIN1 mutations. Brain. 2014 Sep 25. pii: awu272. (25260562)
BIN1 (2q14)
Amphiphysin
Centronuclear myopathy related to RYR1 - (AR)
3.20
Wilmshurst JM, Lillis S, Zhou H, Pillay K, Henderson H, Kress W, Müller CR, Ndondo A, Cloke V, Cullup T, Bertini E, Boennemann C, Straub V, Quinlivan R, Dowling JJ, Al-Sarraj S, Treves S, Abbs S, Manzur AY, Sewry CA, Muntoni F, Jungbluth H. RYR1 mutations are a common cause of congenital myopathies with central nuclei. Ann Neurol. 2010 Nov;68(5):717-26. (20839240)
RYR1 (19q13.1)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (skeletal)
Centronuclear myopathy related to TTN - (AD)
3.21
Ceyhan-Birsoy O, Agrawal PB, Hidalgo C, Schmitz-Abe K, DeChene ET, Swanson LC, Soemedi R, Vasli N, Iannaccone ST, Shieh PB, Shur N, Dennison JM, Lawlor MW, Laporte J, Markianos K, Fairbrother WG, Granzier H, Beggs AH. Recessive truncating titin gene, TTN, mutations presenting as centronuclear myopathy. Neurology. 2013 Oct 1;81(14):1205-14. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3182a6ca62. Epub 2013 Aug 23. (23975875)
TTN (2q31)
Titin
Centronuclear myopathy with dilated cardiomyopathy - (AR)
3.22
Agrawal PB, Pierson CR, Joshi M, Liu X, Ravenscroft G, Moghadaszadeh B, Talabere T, Viola M, Swanson LC, Halilo?lu G, Talim B, Yau KS, Allcock RJ, Laing NG, Perrella MA, Beggs AH. SPEG interacts with myotubularin, and its deficiency causes centronuclear myopathy with dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Hum Genet. 2014 Aug 7;95(2):218-26. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.07.004. Epub 2014 Jul 31. (25087613)
SPEG (2q35)
SPEG complex locus
Central core disease, dominant - (AD)
3.23
Kausch K, Lehmann-Horn F, Janka M, Wieringa B, Grimm T, Muller CR. Evidence for linkage of the central core disease locus to the proximal long arm of human chromosome 19. Genomics. 1991 Jul;10(3):765-9. (1889818)
Zhang Y, Chen HS, Khanna VK, De Leon S, Phillips MS, Schappert K, Britt BA, Browell AK, MacLennan DH. A mutation in the human ryanodine receptor gene associated with central core disease. Nat Genet. 1993 Sep;5(1):46-50. (8220422)
Quane KA, Healy JM, Keating KE, Manning BM, Couch FJ, Palmucci LM, Doriguzzi C, Fagerlund TH, Berg K, Ording H, et al. Mutations in the ryanodine receptor gene in central core disease and malignant hyperthermia. Nat Genet. 1993 Sep;5(1):51-5 (8220423)
RYR1 (19q13.1)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (skeletal)
Central core disease, recessive (transient multiminicore myopathy) - (AR)
3.24
Jungbluth, H.; Muller, C. R.; Halliger-Keller, B.; Brockington, M.; Brown, S. C.; Feng, L.; Chattopadhyay, A.; Mercuri, E.; Manzur, A. Y.; Ferreiro, A.; Laing, N. G.; Davis, M. R.; Roper, H. P.; Dubowitz, V.; Bydder, G.; Sewry, C. A.; Muntoni, F. : Autosomal recessive inheritance of RYR1 mutations in a congenital myopathy with cores. Neurology 59: 284-287, 2002. (12112081)
Ferreiro, A.; Monnier, N.; Romero, N. B.; Leroy, J.-P.; Bonnemann, C.; Haenggeli, C.-A.; Straub, V.; Voss, W. D.; Nivoche, Y.; Jungbluth, H.; Lemainque, A.; Voit, T.; Lunardi, J.; Fardeau, M.; Guicheney, P. : A recessive form of central core disease, transiently presenting as multi-minicore disease, is associated with a homozygous mutation in the ryanodine receptor type 1 gene. Ann. Neurol. 51: 750-759, 2002. (12136074)
RYR1 (19q13.1)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (skeletal)
Multiminicore disease with external ophtalmopegia - (AR)
3.25
Monnier N, Ferreiro A, Marty I, Labarre-Vila A, Mezin P, Lunardi J. A homozygous splicing mutation causing a depletion of skeletal muscle RYR1 is associated with multi-minicore disease congenital myopathy with ophthalmoplegia. Hum Mol Genet 2003; 12: 1171-8. (12719381)
Jungbluth H, Zhou H, Hartley L, Halliger-Keller B, Messina S, Longman C, Brockington M, Robb S A, Straub V, Voit T, Swash M, Ferreiro A, Bydder G, Sewry C A, Muller C, Muntoni F. Minicore myopathy with ophthalmoplegia caused by mutations in the ryanodine receptor type 1 gene. Neurology 2005; 65: 1930-5. (16380615)
RYR1 (19q13.1)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (skeletal)
Multiminicore disease, classical form - (AR)
3.26
Ferreiro, A.; Quijano-Roy, S.; Pichereau, C.; Moghadaszadeh, B.; Goemans, N.; Bonnemann, C.; Jungbluth, H.; Straub, V.; Villanova, M.; Leroy, J.-P.; Romero, N. B.; Martin, J.-J.; Muntoni, F.; Voit, T.; Estournet, B.; Richard, P.; Fardeau, M.; Guicheney, P. : Mutations of the selenoprotein N gene, which is implicated in rigid spine muscular dystrophy, cause the classical phenotype of multiminicore disease: reassessing the nosology of early-onset myopathies. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 71: 739-749, 2002 (12192640)
Ferreiro, A.; Ceuterick-de Groote, C.; Marks, J. J.; Goemans, N.; Schreiber, G.; Hanefeld, F.; Fardeau, M.; Martin, J.-J.; Goebel, H. H.; Richard, P.; Guicheney, P.; Bonnemann, C. G. : Desmin-related myopathy with Mallory body-like inclusions is caused by mutations of the selenoprotein N gene. Ann. Neurol. 55: 676-686, 2004. (15122708)
SEPN1 (1p36.13)
Selenoprotein N1
Early onset myopathy, areflexia, respiratory distress and dysphagia - (AR)
3.27
Logan, C. V., Lucke, B., Pottinger, C., Abdelhamed, Z. A., Parry, D. A., Szymanska, K., Diggle, C. P., van Riesen, A., Morgan, J. E., Markham, G., Ellis, I., Manzur, A. Y., and 12 others. Mutations in MEGF10, a regulator of satellite cell myogenesis, cause early onset myopathy, areflexia, respiratory distress and dysphagia (EMARDD). Nature Genet. 43: 1189-1192, 2011. (22101682)
MEGF10 (5q23.2)
Multiple EGF-like-domains 10
Recessive congenital myopathy with minicores - (AR)
3.28
Boyden, S. E., Mahoney, L. J., Kawahara, G., Myers, J. A., Mitsuhashi, S., Estrella, E. A., Duncan, A. R., Dey, F., DeChene, E. T., Blasko-Goehringer, J. M., Bonnemann, C. G., Darras, B. T., Mendell, J. R., Lidov, H. G. W., Nishino, I., Beggs, A. H., Kunkel, L. M., Kang, P. B. Mutations in the satellite cell gene MEGF10 cause a recessive congenital myopathy with minicores. Neurogenetics 13: 115-124, 2012. (22371254)
MEGF10 (5q23.2)
Multiple EGF-like-domains 10
Hyaline body myopathy - (AR)
3.29
Onengut, S.; Ugur, S. A.; Karasoy, H.; Yuceyar, N.; Tolun, A. : Identification of a locus for an autosomal recessive hyaline body myopathy at chromosome 3p22.2-p21.32. Neuromusc. Disord. 14: 4-9, 2004. (14659406)
? - (3p22.2-p21.32)
Hyaline body myopathy,dominant (myosin storage myopathy) - (AD)
3.30
Bohlega, S.; Abu-Amero, S. N.; Wakil, S. M.; Carroll, P.; Al-Amr, R.; Lach, B.; Al-Sayed, Y.; Cupler, E. J.; Meyer, B. F. : Mutation of the slow myosin heavy chain rod domain underlies hyaline body myopathy. Neurology 62: 1518-1521, 2004. (15136674)
Laing, N. G.; Ceuterick-de Groote, C.; Dye, D. E.; Liyanage, K.; Duff, R. M.; Dubois, B.; Robberecht, W.; Sciot, R.; Martin, J.-J.; Goebel, H. H. : Myosin storage myopathy: slow skeletal myosin (MYH7) mutation in two isolated cases. Neurology 64: 527-529, 2005. (15699387)
MYH7 (14q12)
Myosin, heavy polypeptide 7, cardiac muscle, beta
Myosin storage myopathy and cardiomyopathy, recessive - (AR)
3.31
Tajsharghi H, Oldfors A, Macleod D P, Swash M. Homozygous mutation in MYH7 in myosin storage myopathy and cardiomyopathy. Neurology 2007a; 68: 962. (17372140)
MYH7 (14q12)
Myosin, heavy polypeptide 7, cardiac muscle, beta
Myosin lia myopathy, dominant (inclusion body myopathy) - (AD)
3.32
Martinsson, T.; Darin, N.; Kyllerman, M.; Oldfors, A.; Hallberg, B.; Wahlstrom, J. : Dominant hereditary inclusion-body myopathy gene (IBM3) maps to chromosome region 17p13.1. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 64: 1420-1426, 1999. (10205275 )
Martinsson, T.; Oldfors, A.; Darin, N.; Berg, K.; Tajsharghi, H.; Kyllerman, M.; Wahlstrom, J. : Autosomal dominant myopathy: missense mutation (glu-706-to-lys) in the myosin heavy chain IIa gene. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 97: 14614-14619, 2000. (11114175 )
MYH2 (17p13.1)
Myosin, heavy polypeptide 2, skeletal muscle
Myopathy proximal to ophthalmoplegia, dominant (Inclusion body myopathy 3) - (AD)
3.33
Tajsharghi H, Hilton-Jones D, Raheem O, Saukkonen AM, Oldfors A, Udd B. Human disease caused by loss of fast IIa myosin heavy chain due to recessive MYH2 mutations. Brain. 2010 May;133(Pt 5):1451-9. (20418530)
MYH2 (17p13.1)
Myosin, heavy polypeptide 2, skeletal muscle
Myopathy proximal to ophthalmoplegia, recessive (Inclusion body myopathy 3) - (AD)
3.34
Tajsharghi H, Hilton-Jones D, Raheem O, Saukkonen AM, Oldfors A, Udd B. Human disease caused by loss of fast IIa myosin heavy chain due to recessive MYH2 mutations. Brain. 2010 May;133(Pt 5):1451-9. (20418530)
MYH2 (17p13.1)
Myosin, heavy polypeptide 2, skeletal muscle
Isolated inclusion body myopathy - (AD)
3.35
Izumi R., Warita H., Niihori T., et al. Isolated inclusion body myopathy caused by a multisystem proteinopathy-linked hnRNPA1 mutation. Neurol Genet 2015;1:e23. (27066560)
HNRNPA1 (12q13.13)
heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1
Cap myopathy - (AD)
3.36
Tajsharghi H, Oldfors A, Macleod D P, Swash M. Homozygous mutation in MYH7 in myosin storage myopathy and cardiomyopathy. Neurology 2007a; 68: 962. (17372140)
Lehtokari V L, Ceuterick-de Groote C, de Jonghe P, Marttila M, Laing N G, Pelin K, Wallgren-Pettersson C. Cap disease caused by heterozygous deletion of the beta-tropomyosin gene TPM2. Neuromuscul Disord 2007; 17: 433-42. (17434307)
TPM2 (9p13)
Tropomyosin 2 (beta)
Cap myopathy - (AD)
3.37
De Paula AM, Franques J, Fernandez C, Monnier N, Lunardi J, Pellissier JF, Figarella-Branger D, Pouget J. A TPM3 mutation causing cap myopathy. Neuromuscul Disord. 2009 Oct;19(10):685-8. Epub 2009 Jun 23. (19487656)
Ohlsson M, Fidzianska A, Tajsharghi H, Oldfors A. TPM3 mutation in one of the original cases of cap disease. Neurology. 2009 Jun 2;72(22):1961-3. (19553118)
TPM3 (1q21.2)
Tropomyosin 3
Cap myopathy - (AD)
3.38
Hung RM, Yoon G, Hawkins CE, Halliday W, Biggar D, Vajsar J. Cap myopathy caused by a mutation of the skeletal alpha-actin gene ACTA1. Neuromuscul Disord. 2010 Apr;20(4):238-40. Epub 2010 Mar 19. (20303757)
ACTA1 (1q42.1)
Alpha actin, skeletal muscle
Congenital neuromuscular disease with uniform type 1 fiber - (-)
3.39
Sato, I., Wu, S., Ibarra, M. C. A., Hayashi, Y. K., Fujita, H., Tojo, M., Oh, S. J., Nonaka, I., Noguchi, S., Nishino, I. Congenital neuromuscular disease with uniform type 1 fiber and RYR1 mutation. Neurology 70: 114-122, 2008. (17538032)
RYR1 (19q13.1)
Ryanodine receptor 1 (skeletal)
Congenital myopathy with fatal cardiomyopathy - (-)
3.40
Carmignac V, Salih M A, Quijano-Roy S, Marchand S, Al Rayess M M, Mukhtar M M, Urtizberea J A, Labeit S, Guicheney P, Leturcq F, Gautel M, Fardeau M, Campbell K P, Richard I, Estournet B, Ferreiro A. C-terminal titin deletions cause a novel early-onset myopathy with fatal cardiomyopathy. Ann Neurol 2007; 61: 340-51. (17444505)
TTN (2q31)
Titin
Congenital skeletal myopathy and fatal cardiomyopathy - (AR)
3.41
Tajsharghi H, Leren TP, Abdul-Hussein S, Tulinius M, Brunvand L, Dahl HM, Oldfors A. Unexpected myopathy associated with a mutation in MYBPC3 and misplacement of the cardiac myosin binding protein C. J Med Genet. 2010 Aug;47(8):575-7. Epub 2009 Oct 26. (19858127)
MYBPC3 (11p11.2)
Cardiac myosin binding protein-C
Congenital lethal myopathy - (AR)
3.42
Compton AG, Albrecht DE, Seto JT, Cooper ST, Ilkovski B, Jones KJ, Challis D, Mowat D, Ranscht B, Bahlo M, Froehner SC, North KN. Mutations in contactin-1, a neural adhesion and neuromuscular junction protein, cause a familial form of lethal congenital myopathy. Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Dec;83(6):714-24. Epub 2008 Nov 20. (19026398)
CNTN1 (12q11-q12)
Contactin-1
Sarcotubular myopathy - (AR)
3.43
Schoser BG, Frosk P, Engel AG, Klutzny U, Lochmüller H, Wrogemann K. 2005. Commonality of TRIM32 mutation in causing sarcotubular myopathy and LGMD2H. Ann Neurol 57:591-595. (15786463 )
TRIM32 (9q33.2)
Tripartite motif-containing 32
Congenital myopathy related to PTPLA - (AR)
3.44
Muhammad E, Reish O, Ohno Y, et al. Congenital Myopathy is Caused by Mutation of HACD1. Hum Mol Genet. 2013 Dec 20;22(25):5229-36. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddt380. Epub 2013 Aug 9. (23933735)
PTPLA (10p12.33)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase-like (3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydratase
Congenital myopathy with ophthalmoplegia related to CACNA1S - (AR)
3.45
Hunter JM, Ahearn ME, Balak CD, Liang WS, Kurdoglu A, Corneveaux JJ, Russell M, Huentelman MJ, Craig DW, Carpten J, Coons SW, DeMello DE, Hall JG, Bernes SM, Baumbach-Reardon L. Mol Genet Genomic Med. 2015 Jul;3(4):283-301. doi: 10.1002/mgg3.142. Epub 2015 Apr 8. (26247046)
CACNA1S (1q32)
Calcium channel, voltage-dependent, L type, alpha 1S subunit