12. MOTOR NEURON DISEASES (Return to Disease group)
Disease phenotype
Item in this table
References
Gene symbol (chromosome)
protein
Spinal muscular atrophy , type I (Werdnig-Hoffman ) - (AR)
12.1
Gilliam TC, Brzustowicz LM, Castilla LH, Lehner T, Penchaszadeh GK, Daniels RJ, Byth BC, Knowles J, Hislop JE, Shapira Y, et al. Genetic homogeneity between acute and chronic forms of spinal muscular atrophy. Nature. 1990 Jun 28;345(6278):823-5. (1972783)
Melki J, Lefebvre S, Burglen L, Burlet P, Clermont O, Millasseau P, Reboullet S, Benichou B, Zeviani M, Le Paslier D, et al. De novo and inherited deletions of the 5q13 region in spinal muscular atrophies. Science. 1994 Jun 3;264(5164):1474-7. (7910982)
Bussaglia E, Clermont O, Tizzano E, Lefebvre S, Burglen L, Cruaud C, Urtizberea JA, Colomer J, Munnich A, Baiget M, et al. A frame-shift deletion in the survival motor neuron gene in Spanish spinal muscular atrophy patients. Nat Genet. 1995 Nov;11(3):335-7. (7581461)
Rodrigues NR, Owen N, Talbot K, Ignatius J, Dubowitz V, Davies KE. Deletions in the survival motor neuron gene on 5q13 in autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy. Hum Mol Genet. 1995 Apr;4(4):631-4. (7633412)
Lefebvre S, Burglen L, Reboullet S, Clermont O, Burlet P, Viollet L, Benichou B, Cruaud C, Millasseau P, Zeviani M, et al. Identification and characterization of a spinal muscular atrophy-determining gene. Cell. 1995 Jan 13;80(1):155-65. (7813012)
SMN1 (5q13)
Survival of motor neuron 1, telomeric
Spinal muscular atrophy, type II (intermediate) - (AR)
12.2
Matthijs, G.; Schollen, E.; Legius, E.; Devriendt, K.; Goemans, N.; Kayserili, H.; Apak, M. Y.; Cassiman, J.-J. : Unusual molecular findings in autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy. J. Med. Genet. 33: 409-474, 1996. (8733053)
Samilchuk, E.; D'Souza, B.; Bastaki, L. : Deletion analysis of the SMN and NAIP genes in Kuwaiti patients with spinal muscular atrophy. Hum. Genet. 98: 524-527, 1996. (8882869)
SMN1 (5q13)
Survival of motor neuron 1, telomeric
Spinal muscular atrophy, type III (Kugelberg-Welander) - (AR)
12.3
Melki J, Abdelhak S, Sheth P, Bachelot MF, Burlet P, Marcadet A, Aicardi J, Barois A, Carriere JP, Fardeau M, et al. Gene for chronic proximal spinal muscular atrophies maps to chromosome 5q. Nature. 1990 Apr 19;344(6268):767-8. (1970420)
Brzustowicz LM, Lehner T, Castilla LH, Penchaszadeh GK, Wilhelmsen KC, Daniels R, Davies KE, Leppert M, Ziter F, Wood D, et al. Genetic mapping of chronic childhood-onset spinal muscular atrophy to chromosome 5q11.2-13.3. Nature. 1990 Apr 5;344(6266):540-1. (2320125)
Lefebvre S, Burglen L, Reboullet S, Clermont O, Burlet P, Viollet L, Benichou B, Cruaud C, Millasseau P, Zeviani M, et al. Identification and characterization of a spinal muscular atrophy-determining gene. Cell. 1995 Jan 13;80(1):155-65. (7813012)
SMN1 (5q13)
Survival of motor neuron 1, telomeric
Spinal muscular atrophy, type IV, adult form - (AR)
12.4
Brahe, C.; Servidei, S.; Zappata, S.; Ricci, E.; Tonali, P.; Neri, G. : Genetic homogeneity between childhood-onset and adult-onset autosomal recessive spinal muscular atrophy. Lancet 346: 741-742, 1995. (7658877)
Clermont, O.; Burlet, P.; Lefebvre, S.; Burglen, L.; Munnich, A.; Melki, J. : SMN gene deletions in adult-onset spinal muscular atrophy. (Letter) Lancet 346: 1712-1713, 1995. (8551862)
SMN1 (5q13)
Survival of motor neuron 1, telomeric
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal autosomal recessive 1 ( with respiratory distress) - (AR)
12.5
Grohmann K, Wienker TF, Saar K, Rudnik-Schoneborn S, Stoltenburg-Didinger G, Rossi R, Novelli G, Nurnberg G, Pfeufer A, Wirth B, Reis A, Zerres K, Hubner C. Diaphragmatic spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress is heterogeneous, and one form Is linked to chromosome 11q13-q21. Am J Hum Genet. 1999 Nov;65(5):1459-62. No abstract available. (10521314)
IGHMBP2 (11q13.2-q13.4)
Immunoglobulin mu binding protein 2
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal autosomal recessive 2 - (AR)
12.6
Christodoulou K, Zamba E, Tsingis M, Mubaidin A, Horani K, Abu-Sheik S, El-Khateeb M, Kyriacou K, Kyriakides T, Al-Qudah AK, Middleton L. A novel form of distal hereditary motor neuronopathy maps to chromosome 9p21.1-p12. Ann Neurol. 2000 Dec;48(6):877-84. (11117544)
? - (9p21)
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal autosomal recessive 3 - (AR)
12.7
Viollet L, Zarhrate M, Maystadt I, Estournet-Mathiaut B, Barois A, Desguerre I, Mayer M, Chabrol B, LeHeup B, Cusin V, Billette De Villemeur T, Bonneau D, Saugier-Veber P, Touzery-De Villepin A, Delaubier A, Kaplan J, Jeanpierre M, Feingold J, Munnich A. Refined genetic mapping of autosomal recessive chronic distal spinal muscular atrophy to chromosome 11q13.3 and evidence of linkage disequilibrium in European families. Eur J Hum Genet. 2004 Jun;12(6):483-8. (15054395)
? - (11q13)
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal autosomal recessive 4 - (AR)
12.8
Maystadt I, Zarhrate M, Leclair-Richard D, Estournet B, Barois A, Renault F, Routon MC, Durand MC, Lefebvre S, Munnich A, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Viollet L. A gene for an autosomal recessive lower motor neuron disease with childhood onset maps to 1p36. Neurology. 2006 Jul 11;67(1):120-4. Epub 2006 May 25. (17564964)
Maystadt I, Rezsöhazy R, Barkats M, Duque S, Vannuffel P, Remacle S, Lambert B, Najimi M, Sokal E, Munnich A, Viollet L, Verellen-Dumoulin C. The nuclear factor kappaB-activator gene PLEKHG5 is mutated in a form of autosomal recessive lower motor neuron disease with childhood onset. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Jul;81(1):67-76. Epub 2007 May 16. (16728649)
PLEKHG5 (1p36)
Pleckstrin homology domain containing, family G (with RhoGef domain) member 5
Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, type I - (AD)
12.9
Gopinath S, Blair IP, Kennerson ML, Durnall JC, Nicholson GA. A novel locus for distal motor neuron degeneration maps to chromosome 7q34-q36. Hum Genet. 2007 Jun;121(5):559-64. Epub 2007 Mar 13. (17354000)
? - (7q34-q36)
Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, type IIA, juvenile - (AD)
12.10
Irobi J, De Jonghe P, Timmerman V. Molecular genetics of distal hereditary motor neuropathies. Hum Mol Genet. 2004 Oct 1;13 Spec No 2:R195-202. Review. (15358725)
HSPB8 (12q24.23)
Heat shock 27kDa protein 8
Neuronopathy, distal hereditary motor, type II, adult juvenile - (AD)
12.11
Evgrafov, O. V.; Mersiyanova, I.; Irobi, J.; Van Den Bosch, L.; Dierick, I.; Leung, C. L.; Schagina, O.; Verpoorten, N.; Van Impe, K.; Fedotov, V.; Dadali, E.; Auer-Grumbach, M.; and 14 others : Mutant small heat-shock protein 27 causes axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and distal hereditary motor neuropathy. Nature Genet. 36: 602-606, 2004. (15122254 )
HSPB1 (7q11.23)
Heat shock 27kDa protein 1
Neuropathy, distal hereditary motor, type IIC - (AD)
12.12
Kolb, S. J., Snyder, P. J., Poi, E. J., Renard, E. A., Bartlett, A., Gu, S., Sutton, S., Arnold, W. D., Freimer, M. L., Lawson, V. H., Kissel, J. T., Prior, T. W. Mutant small heat shock protein B3 causes motor neuropathy: utility of a candidate gene approach. Neurology 74: 502-506, 2010. (20142617)
HSPB3 (5q11.2)
Heat shock 27kDa protein 3
Dominant distal hereditary motor neuropathy - (AD)
12.13
Zhao Z, Hashiguchi A, Hu J, Sakiyama Y, Okamoto Y, Tokunaga S, Zhu L, Shen H, Takashima H. Alanyl-tRNA synthetase mutation in a family with dominant distal hereditary motor neuropathy. Neurology. 2012 May 22;78(21):1644-9. Epub 2012 May 9. (22573628)
AARS (16q22.1)
Alanyl-tRNA synthetase
Distal spinal muscular atrophy, distal with upper limb predominance (type V) - (AD)
12.14
Christodoulou K, Kyriakides T, Hristova AH, Georgiou DM, Kalaydjieva L, Yshpekova B, Ivanova T, Weber JL, Middleton LT. Related Articles, Links Mapping of a distal form of spinal muscular atrophy with upper limb predominance to chromosome 7p. Hum Mol Genet. 1995 Sep;4(9):1629-32. (12690580)
Antonellis A, Ellsworth RE, Sambuughin N, Puls I, Abel A, Lee-Lin SQ, Jordanova A, Kremensky I, Christodoulou K, Middleton LT, Sivakumar K, Ionasescu V, Funalot B, Vance JM, Goldfarb LG, Fischbeck KH, Green ED. Glycyl tRNA synthetase mutations in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2D and distal spinal muscular atrophy type V. Am J Hum Genet. 2003 May;72(5):1293-9. Epub 2003 Apr 10. (8541851)
GARS (7p15)
Glycyl-tRNA synthetase
Distal spinal muscular atrophy type V - (AD)
12.15
Windpassinger, C.; Auer-Grumbach, M.; Irobi, J.; Patel, H.; Petek, E.; Horl, G.; Malli, R.; Reed, J. A.; Dierick, I.; Verpoorten, N.; Warner, T. T.; Proukakis, C.; Van den Bergh, P.; Verellen, C.; Van Maldergem, L.; Merlini, L.; De Jonghe, P.; Timmerman, V.; Crosby, A. H.; Wagner, K. : Heterozygous missense mutations in BSCL2 are associated with distal hereditary motor neuropathy and Silver syndrome. Nature Genet. 36: 271-276, 2004. (14981520)
BSCL2 (11q12-q13.5)
Seipin
Distal spinal muscular atrophy, type VB - (AD)
12.16
Beetz, C., Pieber, T. R., Hertel, N., Schabhuttl, M., Fischer, C., Trajanoski, S., Graf, E., Keiner, S., Kurth, I., Wieland, T., Varga, R.-E., Timmerman, V., Reilly, M. M., Strom, T. M., Auer-Grumbach, M. Exome sequencing identifies a REEP1 mutation involved in distal hereditary motor neuropathy type V. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 91: 139-145, 2012. (22703882)
REEP1 (2p11.2)
Receptor accessory protein 1
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal, with vocal cord paralysis (Harper-Young) - (AD)
12.17
McEntagart M, Norton N, Williams H, Teare MD, Dunstan M, Baker P, Houlden H, Reilly M, Wood N, Harper PS, Futreal PA, Williams N, Rahman N. Localization of the gene for distal hereditary motor neuronopathy VII (dHMN-VII) to chromosome 2q14. Am J Hum Genet. 2001 May;68(5):1270-6. Epub 2001 Apr 04. (11294660)
SLC5A7 (2q12.31)
Solute carrier family 5 (sodium/choline cotransporter), member 7
Distal hereditary motor neuronopathy type VIIB - (AD)
12.18
Puls I, Jonnakuty C, LaMonte BH, Holzbaur EL, Tokito M, Mann E, Floeter MK, Bidus K, Drayna D, Oh SJ, Brown RH Jr, Ludlow CL, Fischbeck KH. Mutant dynactin in motor neuron disease. Nat Genet. 2003 Apr;33(4):455-6. Epub 2003 Mar 10. (12627231)
DCTN1 (2p13)
Dynactin 1
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal, Xlinked, related to UBA1 - (XR)
12.20
Ramser, J., Ahearn, M. E., Lenski, C., Yariz, K. O., Hellebrand, H., von Rhein, M., Clark, R. D., Schmutzler, R. K., Lichtner, P., Hoffman, E. P., Meindl, A., Baumbach-Reardon, L. Rare missense and synonymous variants in UBE1 are associated with X-linked infantile spinal muscular atrophy. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 82: 188-193, 2008 (18179898)
UBA1 (Xp11.23)
Ubiquitin-activating enzyme 1
Spinal muscular atrophy, distal, X-linked - (XR)
12.21
Takata RI, Speck Martins CE, Passosbueno MR, Abe KT, Nishimura AL, Da Silva MD, Monteiro A Jr, Lima MI, Kok F, Zatz M. A new locus for recessive distal spinal muscular atrophy at Xq13.1-q21. J Med Genet. 2004 Mar;41(3):224-9. No abstract available. (14985388)
Kennerson ML, Nicholson GA, Kaler SG, Kowalski B, Mercer JF, Tang J, Llanos RM, Chu S, Takata RI, Speck-Martins CE, Baets J, Almeida-Souza L, Fischer D, Timmerman V, Taylor PE, Scherer SS, Ferguson TA, Bird TD, De Jonghe P, Feely SM, Shy ME, Garbern JY. Missense mutations in the copper transporter gene ATP7A cause X-linked distal hereditary motor neuropathy. Am J Hum Genet. 2010 Mar 12;86(3):343-52. Epub 2010 Feb 18. (20170900)
ATP7A (Xq13-q21)
ATPase, Cu++ transporting, alpha polypeptide
12.22
Blumen, S. C., Astord, S., Robin, V., Vignaud, L., Toumi, N., Cieslik, A., Achiron, A., Carasso, R. L., Gurevich, M., Braverman, I., Blumen, N., Munich, A., Barkats, M., Viollet, L. A rare recessive distal hereditary motor neuropathy with HSJ1 chaperone mutation. Ann. Neurol. 71: 509-519, 2012. (22522442)
DNAJB2 (2q32-q34)
DnaJ (Hsp40) homolog, subfamily B, member 2
12.23
Giunta M., Edvardson S., XuY., et al. Altered RNA metabolism due to a homozygous RBM7 mutation in a patient with spinal motor neuropathy. Hum Mol Genet 2016 (27193168)
RBM7 (11q23.2)
RNA binding motif protein 7
Spinal muscular atrophy congenital non progressive of lower limbs - ( )
12.24
Van der Vleuten, A. J. W.; van Ravenswaaij-Arts, C. M. A.; Frijns, C. J. M.; Smits, A. P. T.; Hageman, G.; Padberg, G. W.; Kremer, H. : Localisation of the gene for a dominant congenital spinal muscular atrophy predominantly affecting the lower limbs to chromosome 12q23-q24. Europ. J. Hum. Genet. 6: 376-382, 1998. (20037587)
Auer-Grumbach, M., Olschewski, A., Papic, L., Kremer, H., McEntagart, M. E., Uhrig, S., Fischer, C., Frohlich, E., Balint, Z., Tang, B., Strohmaier, H., Lochmuller, H., and 13 others Alterations in the ankyrin domain of TRPV4 cause congenital distal SMA, scapuloperoneal SMA and HMSN2C. Nature Genet. 42: 160-164, 2010. (20037588)
Deng, H.-X., Klein, C. J., Yan, J., Shi, Y., Wu, Y., Fecto, F., Yau, H.-J., Yang, Y., Zhai, H., Siddique, N., Hedley-Whyte, E. T., Delong, R., Martina, M, Dyck, P. J., Siddique, T. Scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy and CMT2C are allelic disorders caused by alterations in TRPV4. Nature Genet. 42: 165-169, 2010. (9781046)
TRPV4 (12q23-q24)
Transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 4
Scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy - (AD)
12.25
Isozumi, K.; DeLong, R.; Kaplan, J.; Deng, H.-X.; Iqbal, Z.; Hung, W.-Y.; Wilhelmsen, K. C.; Hentati, A.; Pericak-Vance, M. A.; Siddique, T. : Linkage of scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy to chromosome 12q24.1-q24.31. Hum. Molec. Genet. 5: 1377-1382, 1996. (20037587)
Deng, H.-X., Klein, C. J., Yan, J., Shi, Y., Wu, Y., Fecto, F., Yau, H.-J., Yang, Y., Zhai, H., Siddique, N., Hedley-Whyte, E. T., Delong, R., Martina, M, Dyck, P. J., Siddique, T. Scapuloperoneal spinal muscular atrophy and CMT2C are allelic disorders caused by alterations in TRPV4. Nature Genet. 42: 165-169, 2010. (8872481)
TRPV4 (12q23-q24)
Transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 4
Spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity, autosomal dominant - (AD)
12.26
Harms, M. B., Ori-McKenney, K. M., Scoto, M., Tuck, E. P., Bell, S., Ma, D., Masi, S., Allred, P., Al-Lozi, M., Reilly, M. M., Miller, L. J., Jani-Acsadi, A., Pestronk, A., Shy, M. E., Muntoni, F., Vallee, R. B., Baloh, R. H. Mutations in the tail domain of DYNC1H1 cause dominant spinal muscular atrophy. Neurology 78: 1714-1720, 2012. (20697106)
Harms, M. B., Allred, P., Gardner, R., Jr., Fernandes Filho, J. A., Florence, J., Pestronk, A., Al-Lozi, M., Baloh, R. H. Dominant spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance: linkage to 14q32. Neurology 75: 539-546, 2010. (22459677)
DYNC1H1 (14q32.31)
Dynein, cytoplasmic 1, heavy chain 1
Spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity, autosomal dominant 2 - (AD)
12.27
Peeters, K., Litvinenko, I., Asselbergh, B., Almeida-Souza, L., Chamova, T., Geuens, T., Ydens, E., Zimon, M., Irobi, J., De Vriendt, E., De Winter, V., Ooms, T., Timmerman, V., Tournev, I., Jordanova, A. Molecular defects in the motor adaptor BICD2 cause proximal spinal muscular atrophy with autosomal-dominant inheritance. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92: 955-964, 2013. (23664116)
Oates, E. C., Rossor, A. M., Hafezparast, M., Gonzalez, M., Speziani, F., MacArthur, D. G., Lek, M., Cottenie, E., Scoto, M., Foley, A. R., Hurles, M., Houlden, H., and 15 others. Mutations in BICD2 cause dominant congenital spinal muscular atrophy and hereditary spastic paraplegia. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92: 965-973, 2013. (23664119)
Neveling, K., Martinez-Carrera, L. A., Holker, I., Heister, A., Verrips, A., Hosseini-Barkooie, S. M., Gilissen, C., Vermeer, S., Pennings, M., Meijer, R., te Riele, M., Frijns, C. J. M., and 12 others. Mutations in BICD2, which encodes a golgin and important motor adaptor, cause congenital autosomal-dominant spinal muscular atrophy. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92: 946-954, 2013. (23664120)
BICD2 (9q22.31)
Bicaudal D homolog 2 (Drosophila)
Distal Spinal Muscular Atrophy with Calf Predominance - (AD)
12.28
Sumner, C. J., d'Ydewalle, C., Wooley, J., Fawcett, K. A., Hernandez, D., Gardiner, A. R., Kalmar, B., Baloh, R. H., Gonzalez, M., Zuchner, S., Stanescu, H. C., Kleta, R., and 9 others. A dominant mutation in FBXO38 causes distal spinal muscular atrophy with calf predominance. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 93: 976-983, 2013. (24207122)
FBXO38 (5q32)
F-box protein 38
Spinal muscular atrophy with progressive myoclonic epilepsy - (AR)
12.29
Zhou, J., Tawk, M., Tiziano, F. D., Veillet, J., Bayes, M., Nolent, F., Garcia, V., Servidei, S., Bertini, E., Castro-Giner, F., Renda, Y., Carpentier, S., Andrieu-Abadie, N., Gut, I., Levade, T., Topaloglu, H., Melki, J. Spinal muscular atrophy associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy is caused by mutations in ASAH1. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 91: 5-14, 2012. (22703880)
ASAH1 (8p22)
N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase (acid ceramidase) 1
Spinal muscular atrophy, late-onset, Finkel type - (AD)
12.30
Nishimura, A. L.; Mitne-Neto, M.; Silva, H. C. A.; Oliveira, J. R. M.; Vainzof, M.; Zatz, M. : A novel locus for late onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neurone disease variant at 20q13. J. Med. Genet. 41: 315-320, 2004. (15060112)
VAPB (7p15)
Vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B and C
early-onset proximal spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity, autosomal dominant - (AD)
12.31
Harms MB, Allred P, Gardner R, Jr et al. Dominant spinal muscular atrophy with lower extremity predominance: linkage to 14q32. Neurology 2010;75:539-46. (20697106)
? - (14q)
late-onset spinal motor neuronopathy, Jokela type - (AD)
12.32
Penttilä S, Jokela M, Hackman P, Maija Saukkonen A, Toivanen J, Udd B. Autosomal dominant late-onset spinal motor neuronopathy is linked to a new locus on chromosome 22q11.2-q13.2. Eur J Hum Genet. 2012 Nov;20(11):1193-6. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2012.76. Epub 2012 Apr 25. (22535186)
Muller K., Andersen P.M., Hubers A., et al. Two novel mutations in conserved codons indicate that CHCHD10 is a gene associated with motor neuron disease. (Letter). Brain 2014;137:e309 (25113787)
CHCHD10 (22q11.2-q13.2)
Coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 10
Spinal muscular atrophy and cerebellar hypoplasia - (AR)
12.33
Boczonadi, V., Muller, J. S., Pyle, A., Munkley, J., Dor, T., Quartararo, J., Ferrero, I., Karcagi, V., Giunta, M., Polvikoski, T., Birchall, D., Princzinger, A., and 15 others. EXOSC8 mutations alter mRNA metabolism and cause hypomyelination with spinal muscular atrophy and cerebellar hypoplasia. Nature Commun. 5: 4287, 2014. Note: Electronic Article. (24989451)
EXOSC8 (13q13.1)
Exosome component 8
Spinal muscular atrophy with congenital bone fractures 1 - (AR)
12.34
Knierim E, Hirata H, Wolf NI, Morales-Gonzalez S, Schottmann G, Tanaka Y, Rudnik-Schöneborn S, Orgeur M, Zerres K, Vogt S, van Riesen A, Gill E, Seifert F, Zwirner A, Kirschner J, Goebel HH, Hübner C, Stricker S, Meierhofer D, Stenzel W, Schuelke M. Mutations in Subunits of the Activating Signal Cointegrator 1 Complex Are Associated with Prenatal Spinal Muscular Atrophy and Congenital Bone Fractures. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Mar 3;98(3):473-89. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.01.006. (26924529)
TRIP4 (15q22.31)
thyroid hormone receptor interactor 4
Spinal muscular atrophy with congenital bone fractures 2 - (AR)
12.35
Knierim E, Hirata H, Wolf NI, Morales-Gonzalez S, Schottmann G, Tanaka Y, Rudnik-Schöneborn S, Orgeur M, Zerres K, Vogt S, van Riesen A, Gill E, Seifert F, Zwirner A, Kirschner J, Goebel HH, Hübner C, Stricker S, Meierhofer D, Stenzel W, Schuelke M. Mutations in Subunits of the Activating Signal Cointegrator 1 Complex Are Associated with Prenatal Spinal Muscular Atrophy and Congenital Bone Fractures. Am J Hum Genet. 2016 Mar 3;98(3):473-89. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.01.006. (26924529)
ASCC1 (10q22.1)
activating signal cointegrator 1 complex subunit 1
Familial myotrophic lateral sclerosis 1 (dominant) - (AD)
12.36
Rosen DR, Siddique T, Patterson D, Figlewicz DA, Sapp P, Hentati A, Donaldson D, Goto J, O'Regan JP, Deng HX, et al. Mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene are associated with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Nature. 1993 Mar 4;362(6415):59-62. Erratum in: Nature. 1993 Jul 22;364(6435):362. (8446170)
Siddique T, Figlewicz DA, Pericak-Vance MA, Haines JL, Rouleau G, Jeffers AJ, Sapp P, Hung WY, Bebout J, McKenna-Yasek D, et al. Hereditary spastic paraplegia: advances in genetic research. Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Working group. Neurology. 1996 Jun;46(6):1507-14. Review. (2020294)
Siddique, T.; Deng, H.-X. : Genetics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Hum. Molec. Genet. 5: 1465-1470, 1996. (8875253)
SOD1 (21q22.1)
Superoxide dismutase 1, soluble
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1 (recessive) - (AR)
12.37
Andersen, P. M.; Nilsson, P.; Ala-Hurula, V.; Keranen, M.-L.; Tarvainen, I.; Haltia, T.; Nilsson, L.; Binzer, M.; Forsgren, L.; Marklund, S. L. : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis associated with homozygosity for an asp90-to-ala mutation in CuZn-superoxide dismutase. Nature Genet. 10: 61-66, 1995. (7647793)
SOD1 (21q22.1)
Superoxide dismutase 1, soluble
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 2 juvenile - (AR)
12.38
Hentati A, Bejaoui K, Pericak-Vance MA, Hentati F, Speer MC, Hung WY, Figlewicz DA, Haines J, Rimmler J, Ben Hamida C, et al. Linkage of recessive familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to chromosome 2q33-q35. Nat Genet. 1994 Jul;7(3):425-8. (7920663)
ALS2 (2q33.2)
Alsin
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 3 - (AR)
12.39
Hand, C. K.; Khoris, J.; Salachas, F.; Gros-Louis, F.; Simoes Lopes, A. A.; Mayeux-Portas, V.; Brewer, C. G.; Brown, R. H., Jr.; Meininger, V.; Camu, W.; Rouleau, G. A. : A novel locus for familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, on chromosome 18q. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 70: 251-256, 2002. Note: Erratum: Am. J. Hum. Genet. 71: 1007 only, 2002. (11706389)
? - (18q21)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 4 - (AD)
12.40
Chance, P. F.; Rabin, B. A.; Ryan, S. G.; Ding, Y.; Scavina, M.; Crain, B.; Griffin, J. W.; Cornblath, D. R. : Linkage of the gene for an autosomal dominant form of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to chromosome 9q34. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62: 633-640, 1998. (9497266)
Chen, Y.-Z.; Bennett, C. L.; Huynh, H. M.; Blair, I. P.; Puls, I.; Irobi, J.; Dierick, I.; Abel, A.; Kennerson, M. L.; Rabin, B. A.; Nicholson, G. A.; Auer-Grumbach, M.; Wagner, K.; De Jonghe, P.; Griffin, J. W.; Fischbeck, K. H.; Timmerman, V.; Cornblath, D. R.; Chance, P. F. : DNA/RNA helicase gene mutations in a form of juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS4). Am. J. Hum. Genet. 74: 1128-1135, 2004. (15106121)
SETX (9q34.13)
Senataxin
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5 - (AD)
12.41
Hentati, A.; Ouahchi, K.; Pericak-Vance, M. A.; Nijhawan, D.; Ahmad, A.; Yang, Y.; Rimmler, J.; Hung, W.-Y.; Schlotter, B.; Ahmed, A.; Ben Hamida, M.; Hentati, F.; Siddique, T. : Linkage of a commoner form of recessive amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to chromosome 15q15-q22 markers. Neurogenetics 2: 55-60, 1998. (20110243)
Orlacchio A., Babalini C., Borreca A., et al. SPATACSIN mutations cause autosomal recessive juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Brain 2010;133:591–8 (9933301)
SPG11 (15q21.1)
Spatacsin
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 6 - (AD)
12.44
Sapp, P. C.; Hosler, B. A.; McKenna-Yasek, D.; Chin, W.; Gann, A.; Genise, H.; Gorenstein, J.; Huang, M.; Sailer, W.; Scheffler, M.; Valesky, M.; Haines, J. L.; Pericak-Vance, M.; Siddique, T.; Horvitz, H. R.; Brown, R. H., Jr. : Identification of two novel loci for dominantly inherited familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 73: 397-403, 2003. (12830400)
Abalkhail, H.; Mitchell, J.; Habgood, J.; Orrell, R.; de Belleroche, J. : A new familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis locus on chromosome 16q12.1-16q12.2. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 73: 383-389, 2003. (12858291)
Kwiatkowski TJ, Jr., Bosco DA, Leclerc AL, Tamrazian E, Vanderburg CR, Russ C, Davis A, Gilchrist J, Kasarskis EJ, Munsat T, Valdmanis P, Rouleau GA, Hosler BA, Cortelli P, de Jong PJ, Yoshinaga Y, Haines JL, Pericak-Vance MA, Yan J, Ticozzi N, Siddique T, McKenna-Yasek D, Sapp PC, Horvitz HR, Landers JE and Brown RH, Jr. Mutations in the FUS/TLS gene on chromosome 16 cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Science 2009;323:1205-8. (19251627)
Vance, C.; Rogelj, B.; Hortobagyi, T.; De Vos, K. J.; Nishimura, A. L.; Sreedharan, J.; Hu, X.; Smith, B.; Ruddy, D.; Wright, P.; Ganesalingam, J.; Williams, K. L.; and 10 others : Mutations in FUS, an RNA processing protein, cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis type 6. Science 323: 1208-1211, 2009. (19251628)
FUS (16q12)
Fusion (involved in t(12;16) in malignant liposarcoma)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 7 - (AD)
12.45
Sapp, P. C.; Hosler, B. A.; McKenna-Yasek, D.; Chin, W.; Gann, A.; Genise, H.; Gorenstein, J.; Huang, M.; Sailer, W.; Scheffler, M.; Valesky, M.; Haines, J. L.; Pericak-Vance, M.; Siddique, T.; Horvitz, H. R.; Brown, R. H., Jr. : Identification of two novel loci for dominantly inherited familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 73: 397-403, 2003. (12858291)
? - (20p13)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8 - (AD)
12.46
Nishimura, A. L.; Mitne-Neto, M.; Silva, H. C. A.; Richieri-Costa, A.; Middleton, S.; Cascio, D.; Kok, F.; Oliveira, J. R. M.; Gillingwater, T.; Webb, J.; Skehel, P.; Zatz, M. : A mutation in the vesicle-trafficking protein VAPB causes late-onset spinal muscular atrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 75: 822-831, 2004. (15060112)
Nishimura, A. L.; Mitne-Neto, M.; Silva, H. C. A.; Oliveira, J. R. M.; Vainzof, M.; Zatz, M. : A novel locus for late onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neurone disease variant at 20q13. J. Med. Genet. 41: 315-320, 2004. (15372378)
VAPB (7p15)
Vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B and C
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 9 - (AD)
12.47
Greenway MJ, Andersen PM, Russ C, Ennis S, Cashman S, Donaghy C, Patterson V, Swingler R, Kieran D, Prehn J, Morrison KE, Green A, Acharya KR, Brown RH, Jr. and Hardiman O. ANG mutations segregate with familial and 'sporadic' amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Nat Genet 2006;38:411-3. Pub Med ID : 16501576 (16501576)
Wu D, Yu W, Kishikawa H, Folkerth RD, Iafrate AJ, Shen Y, Xin W, Sims K and Hu GF. Angiogenin loss-of-function mutations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Ann Neurol 2007;62:609-17. (17886298)
ANG (14q11.2)
Angiogenin
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 10, with or without frontotemporal dementia - (AD)
12.48
Sreedharan J, Blair IP, Tripathi VB, Hu X, Vance C, Rogelj B, Ackerley S, Durnall JC, Williams KL, Buratti E, Baralle F, de Belleroche J, Mitchell JD, Leigh PN, Al-Chalabi A, Miller CC, Nicholson G and Shaw CE. TDP-43 mutations in familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Science 2008;319:1668-72. (18309045)
TARDBP (1p36.2)
TAR DNA binding protein
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 11 - (AD)
12.49
Chow, C. Y., Landers, J. E., Bergren, S. K., Sapp, P. C., Grant, A. E., Jones, J. M., Everett, L., Lenk, G. M., McKenna-Yasek, D. M., Weisman, L. S., Figlewicz, D., Brown, R. H., Meisler, M. H. Deleterious variants of FIG4, a phosphoinositide phosphatase, in patients with ALS. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 84: 85-88, 2009 (19118816)
FIG4 (6q21)
Sac domain-containing inositol phosphatase 3
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 12 - (AD, AR)
12.50
Maruyama, H., Morino, H., Ito, H., Izumi, Y., Kato, H., Watanabe, Y., Kinoshita, Y., Kamada, M., Nodera, H., Suzuki, H., Komure, O., Matsuura, S., and 15 others. Mutations of optineurin in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Nature 465: 223-226, 2010. (20428114)
OPTN (10p14)
Optineurin
12.51
Elden, A. C., Kim, H.-J., Hart, M. P., Chen-Plotkin, A. S., Johnson, B. S., Fang, X., Armakola, M., Geser, F., Greene, R., Lu, M. M., Padmanabhan, A., Clay-Falcone, D., and 11 others. Ataxin-2 intermediate-length polyglutamine expansions are associated with increased risk for ALS. Nature 466: 1069-1075, 2010. (21670397)
Van Damme, P., Veldink, J. H., van Blitterswijk, M., Corveleyn, A., van Vught, P. W. J., Thijs, V., Dubois, B., Matthijs, G., van den Berg, L. H., Robberecht, W. Expanded ATXN2 CAG repeat size in ALS identifies genetic overlap between ALS and SCA2. Neurology 76: 2066-2072, 2011. (20740007)
Daoud, H., Belzil, V., Martins, S., Sabbagh, M., Provencher, P., Lacomblez, L., Meininger, V., Camu, W., Dupre, N., Dion, P. A., Rouleau, G. A. Association of long ATXN2 CAG repeat sizes with increased risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Arch. Neurol. 68: 739-742, 2011. (21562247)
ATXN2 (12q24.1)
Ataxin 2
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 14, with or without frontotemporal dementia - (AD)
12.52
Johnson, J. O., Mandrioli, J., Benatar, M., Abramzon, Y., Van Deerlin, V. M., Trojanowski, J. Q., Gibbs, J. R., Brunetti, M., Gronka, S., Wuu, J., Ding, J., McCluskey, L., and 25 others. Exome sequencing reveals VCP mutations as a cause of familial ALS. Neuron 68: 857-864, 2010. Note: Erratum: Neuron 69: 397 only, 2011. (21145000)
VCP (9p13-p12)
Valosin-containing protein
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 15, with or without frontotemporal dementia - (AD)
12.53
Deng, H.-X., Chen, W., Hong, S.-T., Boycott, K. M., Gorrie, G. H., Siddique, N., Yang, Y., Fecto, F., Shi, Y., Zhai, H., Jiang, H., Hirano, M., and 11 others. Mutations in UBQLN2 cause dominant X-linked juvenile and adult-onset ALS and ALS/dementia. Nature 477: 211-215, 2011. (21857683)
UBQLN2 (Xp11.21)
Ubiquilin 2
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 16, juvenile - (AR)
12.54
Al-Saif, A., Al-Mohanna, F., Bohlega, S. A mutation in sigma-1 receptor causes juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Ann. Neurol. 70: 913-919, 2011. (21842496)
SIGMAR1 (9p13.3)
Sigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 17 - (AD)
12.55
Parkinson, N., Ince, P. G., Smith, M. O., Highley, R., Skibinski, G., Andersen, P. M., Morrison, K. E., Pall, H. S., Hardiman, O., Collinge, J., Shaw, P. J., Disher, E. M. C., MRC Proteomics in ALS Study and the FReJA Consortium. ALS phenotypes with mutations in CHMP2B (charged multivesicular body protein 2B). Neurology 67: 1074-1077, 2006. (16807408)
Cox, L. E., Ferraiuolo, L., Goodall, E. F., Heath, P. R., Higginbottom, A., Mortiboys, H., Hollinger, H. C., Hartley, J. A., Brockington, A., Burness, C. E., Morrison, K. E., Wharton, S. B., Grierson, A. J., Ince, P. G., Kirby, J., Shaw, P. J. Mutations in CHMP2B in lower motor neuron predominant amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). PLoS One 5: e9872, 2010. Note: Electronic Article. (20352044)
CHMP2B (3p11.2)
Charged multivesicular body protein 2B
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 18 - (AD)
12.56
Wu, C.-H., Fallini, C., Ticozzi, N., Keagle, P. J., Sapp, P. C., Piotrowska, K., Lowe, P., Koppers, M., McKenna-Yasek, D., Baron, D. M., Kost, J. E., Gonzalez-Perez, P., and 26 others. Mutations in the profilin 1 gene cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Nature 488: 499-503, 2012. (22801503)
PFN1 (17p13.2)
Profilin 1
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 20 - (AD)
12.57
Kim, H. J., Kim, N. C., Wang, Y.-D., Scarborough, E. A., Moore, J., Diaz, Z., MacLea, K. S., Freibaum, B., Li, S., Molliex, A., and 25 others. Mutations in prion-like domains in hnRNPA2B1 and hnRNPA1 cause multisystem proteinopathy and ALS. Nature 495: 467-473, 2013. (23455423)
HNRNPA1 (12q13.13)
heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - (AD)
12.58
Johnson, J. O., Pioro, E. P., Boehringer, A., Chia, R., Feit, H., Renton, A. E., Pliner, H. A., Abramzon, Y., Marangi, G., Winborn, B. J., Gibbs, J.R., Nalls, M. A., and 30 others. Mutations in the matrin 3 gene cause familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Nature Neurosci. 17: 664-666, 2014. (24686783)
MATR3 (5q31)
Matrin 3
Susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis related to NEFH - (AD)
12.59
Al-Chalabi, A., Andersen, P. M., Nilsson, P., Chioza, B., Andersson, J. L., Russ, C., Shaw, C. E., Powell, J. F., Leigh, P. N. Deletions of the heavy neurofilament subunit tail in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Hum. Molec. Genet. 8: 157-164, 1999. (9931323)
NEFH (22q12.2)
Neurofilament, heavy polypeptide
Susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis related to peripherin - (AD)
12.60
Leung CL, He CZ, Kaufmann P, Chin SS, Naini A, Liem RK, Mitsumoto H, Hays AP. A pathogenic peripherin gene mutation in a patient with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Brain Pathol. 2004 Jul;14(3):290-6. (15322088)
Gros-Louis, F., Lariviere, R., Gowing, G., Laurent, S., Camu, W., Bouchard, J.-P., Meininger, V., Rouleau, G. A., Julien, J.-P. A frameshift deletion in peripherin gene associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J. Biol. Chem. 279: 45951-45956, 2004. (15446584)
PRPH (12q13.12)
Peripherin
Susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis related to dynactin 1 - (AD)
12.61
Munch C, Rosenbohm A, Sperfeld AD et al. Heterozygous R1101K mutation of the DCTN1 gene in a family with ALS and FTD. Ann Neurol 2005;58:777-80 (16240349)
DCTN1 (2p13)
Dynactin 1
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and/or frontotemporal dementia - (AD)
12.62
Morita M, Al-Chalabi A, Andersen PM, Hosler B, Sapp P, Englund E, Mitchell JE, Habgood JJ, de Belleroche J, Xi J, Jongjaroenprasert W, Horvitz HR, Gunnarsson LG, Brown RH Jr. A locus on chromosome 9p confers susceptibility to ALS and frontotemporal dementia. Neurology. 2006 Mar 28;66(6):839-44. Epub 2006 Jan 18. (21944778)
DeJesus-Hernandez, M., Mackenzie, I. R., Boeve, B. F., Boxer, A. L., Baker, M., Rutherford, N. J., Nicholson, A. M., Finch, N. A., Flynn, H., Adamson, J., Kouri, N., Wojtas, A., and 16 others. Expanded GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat in noncoding region of C9ORF72 causes chromosome 9p-linked FTD and ALS. Neuron 72: 245-256, 2011. (16421333)
C9orf72 (9p21.2)
Chromosome 9 open reading frame 72
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and/or frontotemporal dementia - (AD)
12.63
Bannwarth, S., Ait-El-Mkadem, S., Chaussenot, A., Genin, E. C., Lacas-Gervais, S., Fragaki, K., Berg-Alonso, L., Kageyama, Y., Serre, V., Moore, D. G., Verschueren, A., Rouzier, C., and 11 others. A mitochondrial origin for frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis through CHCHD10 involvement. Brain 137: 2329-2345, 2014. (24934289)
CHCHD10 (22q11.2-q13.2)
Coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 10
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and/or frontotemporal dementia - (AD)
12.64
Fecto, F., Yan, J., Vemula, S. P., Liu, E., Yang, Y., Chen, W., Zheng, J. G., Shi, Y., Siddique, N., Arrat, H., Donkervoort, S., Ajroud-Driss, S., Sufit, R. L., Heller, S. L., Deng, H.-X., Siddique, T. SQSTM1 mutations in familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Arch. Neurol. 68: 1440-1446. (22084127)
SQSTM1 (5q35.3)
Sequestosome 1
Kennedy disease - (XR)
12.65
Fischbeck KH, Ionasescu V, Ritter AW, Ionasescu R, Davies K, Ball S, Bosch P, Burns T, Hausmanowa-Petrusewicz I, Borkowska J, et al. Localization of the gene for X-linked spinal muscular atrophy. Neurology. 1986 Dec;36(12):1595-8. (3466055)
La Spada AR, Wilson EM, Lubahn DB, Harding AE, Fischbeck KH. Androgen receptor gene mutations in X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy. Nature. 1991 Jul 4;352(6330):77-9. (2062380)
AR (Xq11.2-q12)
Androgen receptor
Lethal Congenital Contracture Syndrome 1 - (AR)
12.66
Mäkelä-Bengs P, Järvinen N, Vuopala K, Suomalainen A, Ignatius J, Sipilä M, Herva R, Palotie A, Peltonen L. Assignment of the disease locus for lethal congenital contracture syndrome to a restricted region of chromosome 9q34, by genome scan using five affected individuals. Am J Hum Genet. 1998 Aug;63(2):506-16. (18204449)
Nousiainen HO, Kestilä M, Pakkasjärvi N, Honkala H, Kuure S, Tallila J, Vuopala K, Ignatius J, Herva R, Peltonen L. Mutations in mRNA export mediator GLE1 result in a fetal motoneuron disease. Nat Genet. 2008 Feb;40(2):155-7. Epub 2008 Jan 20. (9683599)
GLE1 (9q34.11)
GLE1 RNA export mediator homolog (yeast)
Lethal Congenital Contracture Syndrome 2 - (AR)
12.67
Narkis G, Ofir R, Manor E, Landau D, Elbedour K, Birk OS. Lethal congenital contractural syndrome type 2 (LCCS2) is caused by a mutation in ERBB3 (Her3), a modulator of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt pathway. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Sep;81(3):589-95. Epub 2007 Jul 24. (17701904)
ERBB3 (12q13)
V-erb-b2 erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homolog 3 (avian)
Lethal Congenital Contracture Syndrome 3 - (AR)
12.68
Narkis G, Ofir R, Landau D, Manor E, Volokita M, Hershkowitz R, Elbedour K, Birk OS. Lethal contractural syndrome type 3 (LCCS3) is caused by a mutation in PIP5K1C, which encodes PIPKI gamma of the phophatidylinsitol pathway. Am J Hum Genet. 2007 Sep;81(3):530-9. Epub 2007 Jul 24. (17701898)
PIP5K1C (19p13.3)
Phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase, type I, gamma
Spinal muscular atrophy with pontocerebellar hypoplasia, type 1b - (AR)
12.69
Rudnik-SchoÅNneborn S, Senderek J, Jen JC, et al. Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1: Clinical spectrum and relevance of EXOSC3 mutations. Neurology 2013; 80: 438–436 (23284067)
EXOSC3 (9p13.2)
Exosome component 3
Spinal muscular atrophy with pontocerebellar hypoplasia - (AR)
12.70
Renbaum P, Kellerman E, Jaron R, Geiger D, Segel R, Lee M, King MC, Levy-Lahad E. Spinal muscular atrophy with pontocerebellar hypoplasia is caused by a mutation in the VRK1 gene. Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Aug;85(2):281-9. Epub 2009 Jul 30. (19646678)
VRK1 (14q32)
Vaccinia related kinase 1
Brown-Vialetto-van Laere syndrome 1 - (AR)
12.71
Bosch AM, Abeling NG, Ijlst L, Knoester H, van der Pol WL, Stroomer AE, Wanders RJ, Visser G, Wijburg FA, Duran M, Waterham HR. Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere and Fazio Londe syndrome is associated with a riboflavin transporter defect mimicking mild MADD: a new inborn error of metabolism with potential treatment. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2011 Feb;34(1):159-64. Epub 2010 Nov 26. (21110228)
Green P, Wiseman M, Crow YJ, Houlden H, Riphagen S, Lin JP, Raymond FL, Childs AM, Sheridan E, Edwards S, Josifova DJ. Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome, a ponto-bulbar palsy with deafness, is caused by mutations in c20orf54. Am J Hum Genet. 2010 Mar 12;86(3):485-9. Epub 2010 Mar 4. (22740598)
Johnson JO, Gibbs JR, Megarbane A, Urtizberea JA, Hernandez DG, Foley AR, Arepalli S, Pandraud A, Simón-Sánchez J, Clayton P, Reilly MM, Muntoni F, Abramzon Y, Houlden H, Singleton AB. Exome sequencing reveals riboflavin transporter mutations as a cause of motor neuron disease. Brain. 2012 Sep;135(Pt 9):2875-82. Epub 2012 Jun 26. (20206331)
SLC52A3 (20p13)
Solute carrier family 52, riboflavin transporter, member 3
Brown-Vialetto-van Laere syndrome 2 - (AR)
12.72
Bosch AM, Abeling NG, Ijlst L, Knoester H, van der Pol WL, Stroomer AE, Wanders RJ, Visser G, Wijburg FA, Duran M, Waterham HR. Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere and Fazio Londe syndrome is associated with a riboflavin transporter defect mimicking mild MADD: a new inborn error of metabolism with potential treatment. J Inherit Metab Dis. 2011 Feb;34(1):159-64. Epub 2010 Nov 26. (21110228)
Green P, Wiseman M, Crow YJ, Houlden H, Riphagen S, Lin JP, Raymond FL, Childs AM, Sheridan E, Edwards S, Josifova DJ. Brown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome, a ponto-bulbar palsy with deafness, is caused by mutations in c20orf54. Am J Hum Genet. 2010 Mar 12;86(3):485-9. Epub 2010 Mar 4. (22740598)
Johnson JO, Gibbs JR, Megarbane A, Urtizberea JA, Hernandez DG, Foley AR, Arepalli S, Pandraud A, Simón-Sánchez J, Clayton P, Reilly MM, Muntoni F, Abramzon Y, Houlden H, Singleton AB. Exome sequencing reveals riboflavin transporter mutations as a cause of motor neuron disease. Brain. 2012 Sep;135(Pt 9):2875-82. Epub 2012 Jun 26. (20206331)
SLC52A2 (8q24)
Solute carrier family 52, riboflavin transporter, member 2
Late onset spinal muscular atrophy related to HEXB - (AD)
12.73
Rattay TW SL, Wilhelm C, Synofzik M. Late adult-onset pure spinal muscular atrophy due to a compound HEXB macro-deletion. Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener. 2013;Jul 25. (23886397)
HEXB (5q13.3)
Hexosaminidase B